J Clin Med 2020; 9: , ISBN 2077-0383 (Print)
2077-0383 (Linking) (Journal)
Msallem B., Sharma N., Cao S., Halbeisen F. S., Zeilhofer H. F., Thieringer F. M.
With the rapid progression of additive manufacturing and the emergence of new 3D printing technologies, accuracy assessment is mostly being performed on isosymmetric test bodies. However, the accuracy of anatomic models can vary. The dimensional accuracy of root mean square values in terms of trueness and precision of 50 mandible replicas, printed with five common printing technologies, were evaluated. The highest trueness was found for the selective laser sintering printer (0.11 +/- 0.016 mm), followed by a binder jetting printer (0.14 +/- 0.02 mm), and a fused filament fabrication printer (0.16 +/- 0.009 mm). However, highest precision was identified for the fused filament fabrication printer (0.05 +/- 0.005 mm) whereas other printers had marginally lower values. Despite the statistically significance (p < 0.001), these differences can be considered clinically insignificant. These findings demonstrate that all 3D printing technologies create models with satisfactory dimensional accuracy for surgical use. Since satisfactory results in terms of accuracy can be reached with most technologies, the choice should be more strongly based on the printing materials, the intended use, and the overall budget. The simplest printing technology (fused filament fabrication) always scored high and thus is a reliable choice for most purposes.